As you may know by now, 2013 is the centennial year of the REALTORS® Code of Ethics. And this month marks the official birthday of the Code: On July 29, 1913, at the annual convention in Winnipeg, Manitoba, NAR’s board of directors got their first look at the much-anticipated Code and adopted it for use by the association’s members.
One of the first questions many REALTORS® ask when they find out about the Code’s origins is: Winnipeg? Why Winnipeg?
To get to the answer, it should first be explained that for many decades, the Winnipeg REALTORS® Association, along with several other local and provincial real estate associations in Canada, were members of the National Association of REALTORS®.
The National Association’s mission as stated in its 1908 constitution was to “unite the real estate men of America” — meaning North America, not just the United States. A proposal to change the word “National” to “International” in NAR’s name was hotly debated at the 1912 convention, but the legal and strategic implications of such a move were seen as too much for the fledgling association to take on. Instead, the constitution was revised in 1912 to say “unite the real estate men of North America,” eliminating any confusion about the status of Canadian members.
In the late 1930s the National Association expanded its territory to include the United States, “the Territory of Alaska, the Territory of Hawaii, the Philippine Islands, Canada, Mexico, and Cuba.” Winnipeg and other Canadian real estate boards left NAR in 1943 to join the newly-formed Canadian Real Estate Association, but Canada still remained part of NAR’s official territory, at least on paper. It wasn’t until 1959 — during NAR’s annual convention, held that year in Toronto — that Canada was finally removed from the territory described in NAR’s constitution.
So how did Winnipeg in particular come to host the 1913 annual conference, where the Code of Ethics was first introduced? Today, the site of NAR’s annual convention is usually decided years in advance. In the association’s early days, however, one of the highlights of each annual convention was a contest to decide which city would host the next year’s meeting. Delegates at the Board of Directors’ meeting would offer invitations from their cities, speeches would be made and much debate ensued over the merits of one city over another.
At the 1912 convention, held in Louisville, KY, three cities were in the running to host the 1913 meeting: Atlanta, Cincinnati, and Winnipeg. All three lobbied hard for the honor of hosting the next national REALTORS® convention, but in the end, Atlanta and Cincinnati didn’t stand a chance. A few months before the Louisville meeting, the R.M.S. Titanic famously collided with an iceberg during its maiden voyage and sank in the Atlantic Ocean. Among the 1,502 passengers lost were three REALTOR® members from Winnipeg: Mark Fortune, J. Hugo Ross, and Thompson Beattie. It was in their memory that the 1912 delegates chose Winnipeg to host NAR’s 6th annual convention.